Care of Low Birth Weight Neonates

Description

This course explains in depth the care of low birth weight neonates.

This course is divided into 10 units:

Unit 1: Concept of Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 2: Assessment of Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 3: Physiological Handicaps of Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 4: Management of Respiratory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 5: Management of Thermoregulatory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 6: Management of fluid and nutritional requirements in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 7: Management of infections in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 8: Management of metabolic problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 9: Management of other associated problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

Unit 10: Nursing Management of Low Birth Weight Neonates

Curriculum

    Unit 1: Concept of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    After completion of this unit you will be able to:

    *  Define the following terms:

    • Low birth weight neonates 
    • Very low birth weight neonates
    • Extremely low birth weight neonates
    Classify Low birth weight neonates by birth weight and gestational age:

    • Preterm 
    • Small for date neonates

    -  Symmetric small for date neonates

    -  Asymmetric small for date neonates

    • Preterm small for date neonates

    * Differentiate between symmetric and asymmetric small for date neonates.

    *  Enumerate the incidence of Low birth weight neonates.

    *  Enlist the causes of Low birth weight neonates.

    Concept of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 2: Assessment of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to :

    * Enlist the purposes of assessment of LBW neonates

    * Enumerate the specific instructions to be followed while performing assessment of LBW neonates

    * State the elements of relevant history regarding LBW neonates’ health status

    * Identify physical and neurological characteristics of preterm neonates

    * Identify physical and neurological characteristics of term small for date neonates

    * Differentiate between the characteristics of preterm and term small for date neonates

    * Identify common deviations in Low birth Weight neonates

    Assessment of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 3: Physiological Handicaps of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    After completion of this unit you will be able to:

    * List down various physiological handicaps of preterm neonates 

    * Enlist various physiological handicaps of small for date neonates

    * Differentiate between associated clinical problems of preterm and small for date neonates

    * Analyse the underlying physiological handicaps of various systems resulting in clinical problems

    * Enumerate the indications for transfer of LBW neonates to neonatal care unit.

    Physiological Handicaps of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 4: Management of Respiratory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to :

    * Recap the physiological handicaps of low birth weight neonates related to respiratory system

    * Define the terms :

      -Hyaline Membrane Disease (HMD)

      -Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS)

      -Apnea

    * Describe the underlying physiological handicaps and pathophysiological mechanism of HMD, MAS and Apnea

    * Identify the clinical manifestation of HMD, MAS and Apnea

    * Describe the management of HMD, MAS and Apnea

    Management of Respiratory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 5: Management of Thermoregulatory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    After completion of this unit you will be able to:

    * Review physiological handicaps related to thermoregulatory system in LBW neonates

    * Define hypothermia 

    * Enumerate stages of hypothermia

    * Recognise the manifestations of hypothermia

    * Describe the measures to prevent hypothermia in low birth weight neonates 

    * Explain management of LBW neonates with hypothermia of different severity

    * Define hyperthermia

    * Enumerate predisposing factors and consequences of hyperthermia

    Management of Thermoregulatory problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 6: Management of fluid and nutritional requirements in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to:

    *  Recap the physiological handicaps of low birth weight neonates related to digestive system.

    *  State fluid and nutritional requirements of low birth weight neonates in terms of carbohydrate, protein, fats, minerals and vitamins.

    *  Describe importance of human milk for low birth weight neonates.

    *  Enumerate indications of various methods of feeding low birth weight neonates.

    *  Explain technique of various methods of feeding low birth weight neonates.

    *  Explain the significance of non-nutritive sucking.

    Management of fluid and nutritional requirements in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 7: Management of infections in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    After completion of this unit you will be able to :

    * Recap the physiological handicaps of low birth weight neonates related to immunological system

    * Enlist contributing factors predisposing LBW neonates to develop infections

    * Enumerate the clinical features of neonatal sepsis

    * Outline the preventive measures and management of neonatal sepsis

    Management of infections in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 8: Management of metabolic problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to:

    * State the definition of hypoglycaemia and hypocalcemia 

    * Enumerate the clinical features of hypoglycaemia and hypocalcemia 

    * Outline the management of hypoglycaemia and hypocalcemia

    Management of metabolic problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 9: Management of other associated problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to:

    * Differentiate between physiological and pathological jaundice among term and preterm neonates

    * Describe the management of neonatal jaundice in low-birth weight neonates

    * Define the term Necrotising Enterocolitis (NEC)

    * Enumerate the predisposing factors and causes of NEC

    * Describe the clinical features and management of Necrotising Enterocolitis (NEC)

    Management of other associated problems in Low Birth Weight Neonates

    Unit 10: Nursing Management of Low Birth Weight Neonates

    On completion of this unit you will be able to:

    * Recall the elements of relevant history from maternal and neonatal case sheet regarding LBW neonates’ health status

    * Recall the characteristics of LBW neonates and state any deviations from normal

    * List down the nursing diagnosis of low birth weight neonates based on interpretation of nursing assessment.

    * Enumerate the nursing objectives for each nursing diagnosis.

    Nursing Management of Low Birth Weight Neonates
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