Fluid and Electrolytes
A healthy body requires an optimum balance of fluids and electrolytes. Learn the various techniques of fluid and electrolytes balance and imbalance.
Introduction of the course A healthy body requires an optimum balance of fluids and electrolytes. Total amount of fluid in the body is approximately 70% of the body weight. Electrolytes are minerals in our body that have an electric charge. They are in our blood, urine and body fluids. Maintaining the right balance of electrolytes helps our body's blood chemistry, muscle action and other processes. Sodium, calcium, potassium, chlorine, phosphate and magnesium are all electrolytes. We get them from the foods and the fluids , which we eat and drink. Levels of electrolytes in your body can become too low or too high. That can happen when the amount of water in our body changes, causing dehydration or overhydration. This course is divided into 4 units, which is further sub-divided into different chapters.
- Unit 1 : Fluid balance
- Unit 2 : Fluid imbalance
- Unit 3 : Electrolyte balance
- Unit 4 : Electrolyte imbalances
Fluid and electrolyte balance is a dynamic process that is crucial for life and homeostasis. This course is divided into 4 units, which is further sub-divided into different chapters.
Fluid balance is an aspect of the homeostasis of living organisms in which the amount of water in the organism needs to be controlled, via osmoregulation and behavior, such that the concentrations of electrolytes (salts in solution) in the various body fluids are kept within healthy ranges.
Electrolytes are vital for the normal functioning of the human body. Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, calcium and bicarbonate.
An electrolyte imbalance can be manifested in several ways. The symptoms will depend on which electrolyte is out of balance, and whether that level is too high or too low.